Singular, Dual, and Plural

Otoe-Missouria not only has singular (one) and plural (more than one), it also has dual (two) in some cases.  Dual occurs in the optative mood (IE “May you have a good day.” or “Let’s go.”).

There are some sources that mention the use of dual to express “they”.  For example:


they (dual) are walking – manyiwi

they (3+) are walking – manyinye


However there is conflicting information as to whether the suffix -wi expresses they-dual or if that suffix is used for they-definite.  See the Pronouns page for more information on this.