Sentence and Phrase Endings
Sentences and phrases are most often ended with a termination of some kind. These terminations are often different for male and female speakers.
Declarative sentences are usually completed with “ke” (kay) for a male speaker and “ki” (kee) for a female speaker. These are for statements of fact. For example, “It is raining,” or “I don’t like it,” would be appropriate uses for ke/ki. This termination is not always used but leaving it out can suggest the possibility that the statement might be a question (see below). Though it does not literally say it, the termination ke/ki often carries the sense of “it is.”
Questions are usually completed with “je” (jeh) for a male speaker and “ja” (jah) for a female speaker. This termination is often omitted because not ending a phrase with ke/ki suggests the possibility that the sentence is a question.
Imperatives (commands) are expressed three different ways with each one having a male and female version. Below are the imperatives in order of intensity.
ho (hoh) – male speaker
ha (hah) – female speaker
This version is comparable to the idea of “please” in the sense of telling someone “Please sit down.” While still expressed as a command, the speaker is being polite about it.
re (ray) – male and female speaker
(The female version of this termination pronounces the “e” as the “a” in “apple”.)
gare (GAH-ray) – male and female speaker
(The female version of this termination also pronounces the “e” as the “a” in apple”.)
Exhortative statements in Otoe-Missouria convey the English idea of “let’s”. This is expressed with “to” (toh) for a male speaker and “ta” (tah) for a female speaker.
Statements where the speaker is expressing uncertainty or does not know what they are saying to be a fact (hearsay for example), the statement is ended with “asgų” (AH-sgooⁿ) for both male and female speakers.