Introduction to Morphology

Otoe-Missouria morphology (formation of words) uses a complex set of affixes to create words. Affixes are a broad category consisting of prefixes, suffixes, infixes and circumfixes.

It is very important to note that Otoe-Missouria has no adjectives or adverbs in the way that English uses them. Instead these are verbs that are used as adjectives and adverbs. But for the sake of English speakers learning Otoe-Missouria, often these “verbs” will be simply called adjectives and adverbs.

It is also very important to note that each verb (verb, adjective, and adverb) are actually mini-phrases in and of themselves. For example, the word nange may be listed simply as “run” in a given source, however technically it says “he/she/it runs.” Transitive verbs (verbs that have an object) also work this way. For example, the word ujį may be listed as “hit” in a given source, however it technically says “he/she/it hits him/her/it.”

Otoe-Missouria verbs (verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) are conjugated using a large selection of affixes to draw from so the speaker can say exactly what they want. This means using verbs can get very complicated very quickly.